If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head.
If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.
Nelson Mandela

Anna: Hello! Washington, D.C. has many tourists! People from different countries come here. Today, my job is to interview tourists. I have to learn why they come here. This is very exciting! Excuse me. I’m Anna Matteo from The News. Do you have time for an interview?
Sabrina: Sure, I have time.
Anna: What is your name?
Sabrina: My name is Sabrina.
Anna: What country are you from?
Sabrina: I’m from Bangladesh.
Anna: So, you are Bangladeshi.
Sabrina: That’s right! My nationality is Bangladeshi.
Anna: Do you like Washington, D.C.?
Sabrina: Yes! The city is very beautiful!
Anna: What do you like to do in Washington D.C.?
Sabrina: I like history. So, I like walking around and looking at all the monuments and memorials. They make history come alive!
Anna: Washington has many monuments and memorials. The Washington Monument is behind us! Which is your favorite?
Sabrina: I really like Lincoln Memorial. It is very beautiful. And it feels like Abraham Lincoln is still alive.
Anna: Awesome. Thank you for your time, Sabrina!
Sabrina: You’re welcome.
Anna: Let’s find another tourist.
Anna: Oh! Excuse me. I am Anna Matteo from The News. Do you have time for a couple of questions?
Louis: Sure!
Anna: Are you from Washington, D.C.?
Louis: No, I’m not.
Anna: What is your name and where are you from?
Louis: My name is Louis. And I’m from China.
Anna: What languages do you speak?
Louis: I speak Chinese and English.
Anna: What do you like about Washington DC?
Louis: I like the museums. I really like the art museums.
Anna: Many of the museums are free.
Louis: I like that too!
Anna: Awesome! Thanks for your time, Louis.
Louis: You’re very welcome. Bye!
Anna: Now, let’s find another tourist!
Anna: Hello! I am Anna Matteo from The News. Do you have time to answer a couple of questions?
Mehrnoush: Sure!
Anna: What is your name and where’re you from?
Mehrnoush: My name is Mehrnoush. I am from Iran. I’m Iranian.
Anna: What language do they speak in Iran? Is it Persian?
Mehrnoush: They speak Farsi.
Anna: What do you like to do in Washington DC?
Mehrnoush: Well, I like learning about government and politics.
Anna: Washington has many politicians!
Mehrnoush: It does! I want to see the U.S. Capitol.
Anna: Look, you are very near.
Mehrnoush: I am!
Anna: Have fun!
Mehrnoush: Thanks!
Anna: There you have it. Tourists from all over the world come to Washington, D.C. They all like doing and seeing different things in the city. This is Anna Matteo reporting for The News. Until next time!
Anna: Is that okay? Awesome! Now, I want to do my favorite thing in the city … ride the carousel!

New Words

​Abraham Lincoln – n. the 16th President of the United States (Авраам Линкольн - 16-й президент США)
alive – adj. living; not dead (живой)
art – n. something that is created with imagination and skill and that is beautiful or that expresses important ideas or feelings (искусство)
carousel – n. a machine or device with a moving belt or part that carries things around in a circle (карусель)
country – n. an area of land that is controlled by its own government (страна)
couple – n. two (things) or a few (things) (пара, две вещи)
favorite – n. a person or a thing that is liked more than others (фаворит, любимец)
free – adj. not costing any money (бесплатный)
government – n. the group of people who control and make decisions for a country, state, etc. (правительство)
history – n. the study of past events (история)
memorial – n. something (such as a monument or ceremony) that honors a person who has died or serves as a reminder of an event in which many people died (мемориал, памятник)
monument – n. a building, statue, etc., that honors a person or event (памятник, монумент)
museum – n. a building in which interesting and valuable things (such as paintings and sculptures or scientific or historical objects) are collected and shown to the public (музей)
nationality – n. the fact or status of being a member or citizen of a particular nation (гражданство или национальность)
question – n. a sentence, phrase, or word that asks for information or is used to test someone's knowledge (вопрос)
politics – n. activities that relate to influencing the actions and policies of a government or getting and keeping power in a government (политика)
ride – v. to sit on and control the movements of (a horse, motorcycle, bicycle, etc.) (гл. ездить употребляется в случае описания поездки на лошади, мотоцикле, велосипеде и др.)
tourist – n. a person who travels to a place for pleasure (турист)
U.S. Capitol – n. the building in which the U.S. Congress meets in Washington, D.C. (Капитолий - здание где заседает Конгресс)


Bangladesh – n. a country in Asia (государство Бангладеш)
Bangladeshi – n. a native or inhabitant of Bangladesh. adj. of, relating to, or characteristic of Bangladesh or its people. (жители Бангладеша)
China - n. People's Republic of, a country in E Asia. (Респулика Китай)
Chinese - n. the standard language of China, based on the speech of Beijing; Mandarin; a native or descendant of a native of China 
adj. of or relating to China, its inhabitants, or one of their languages​ (китайский язык (сущ.) или китайский (прил.))
Iran - n. a republic in SW Asia (республика Иран)
Iranian - adj. of or relating to Iran, its inhabitants, or their language; of or relating to the Iranian languages (иранский язык или как прилагательное, обозначающее отношение к Ирану - иранскиий
n. a subbranch of the Indo-European family of languages, an inhabitant of Iran; Persian (сущ. может означать житель Ирана - иранец)
Farsi - n.​ the modern Iranian language of Iran and western Afghanistan, written in the Arabic alphabet; modern Persian. (фарси  - современный иранский язык)
Persian – adj. of or relating to ancient and recent Persia (now Iran), its people, or their language (персидский)
n. a member of the native peoples of Iran; the principal language of Iran and western Afghanistan, in its historical and modern forms (персы, как национальность)

Грамматика урока: 

В этом уроке мы учимся говорить о своей принадлежности к какой-либо стране. Фокус урока на том, что национальность и национальный язык, чаще всего обозначаются одним и тем же словом, которое может выступать как в качестве существительного (в случае, когда говорим о национальности), так и прилагательного (когда говорим о языке или принадлежности к какой-либо стране).

Так, русский язык будет в английском переводе звучит одним словом - russian. Этим же словом мы обозначим свою национальную принадлежность - I am russian

И напоследок. Обратите внимание на конструкцию:  I really like Lincoln Memorial. Дословный перевод слова really - действительно, на самом деле. Но при употреблении в связке really like - служит для усиления глагола like.  Мне очень нравится памятник Линкольну.

Аналогичное выражение употребляет и Луис: I really like the art museums - Мне очень нравится музей искусства

Хорошего дня и дальнейших успехов в английском языке!